About Knee Cartilage

Your knee is under a lot of pressure, so it’s no wonder that just one false move can result in injury to the ligaments and cartilage in the joint. Cartilage is the surface on the ends of the bones in your knee that allow the joint’s surfaces to glide friction-free.

Symptoms of knee cartilage injuries include pain, swelling, popping in the joint and locking of the joint. Daily activities such as sitting down, standing up, or walking up stairs may become difficult. Fortunately, there are a variety of treatment options available to help alleviate your symptoms.

Causes of Cartilage Injuries

Knee cartilage may be injured through activity, trauma, or a disease such as osteochondritis dessicans that affects the bone beneath the cartilage and causes the overlaying cartilage to “blister.” These types of injuries are called focal defects because they usually affect a portion of the cartilage in that joint.

Types of Knee Cartilage Injuries

These injuries are caused by short, intensive, non-physiological strain on the joint and as a result, pieces of cartilage become detached from the joint surface. The depth of these lesions can vary, and not everyone affected complains of pain, although the cartilage is already damaged. This condition often affects young, active people who can subject their joints to non-physiological strain either during sport or in normal daily activity.

Osteochondritis Dessicans is the name of a bone disease that occurs most frequently in youths and young adults. When individual areas of the bone are affected, the cartilage covering these areas can also become diseased. This results in the affected section of cartilage becoming detached and forming a free body within the joint, leaving a lesion that reaches down into the bone. Left untreated, this may lead to longer term degenerative cartilage defects. These defects differ from focal defects in that they usually affect all of the cartilage in the joint.

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative cartilage defect that develops from wear and tear of the cartilage surface as part of the aging process. The cartilage surface gradually becomes rough and is then slowly worn away over a long period of time, until finally bone is rubbing against bone. At this point, the treatment usually involves replacing the joint with an artificial knee. Discover more information about knee replacement.

Why Cartilage Doesn’t Heal Itself

If you cut your finger, the wound heals within a few days or weeks as the skin can regenerate itself. It is different in the case of cartilage. The hyaline cartilage in a healthy knee joint is the most common type of cartilage in the body and is specially designed for absorbing shock and providing a friction-free surface. It is a tissue which contains a small number of cartilage cells (chondrocytes) by volume. These are responsible for the formation of cartilage tissue.

As in contrast to many other tissues in the body, cartilage is not supplied by blood vessels or nerves, which means that following an injury or disease-related changes, it only has a small capacity to heal itself. In the long term, the resulting repair tissue cannot withstand the stress placed on it as it does not possess the low-friction surface, and impact and pressure absorption of healthy joint cartilage. Even though cartilage may be unable to heal quickly and may have long lasting damage, there are many forms of treatment available for cartilage regeneration and symptom relief.

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Power 5 conferences approve new measure to help bolster athletes’ mental health

A discussion with Natalie Graves, AM, LCSW about the Power 5 conferences to approve a new measure to help bolster athletes’ mental health. The legislation was one of several proposals voted on and approved by members of the ACC, Big 12, Big Ten, SEC and Pac-12 during the NCAA convention in Orlando.

The conferences can approve benefits for athletes that other Division I schools don’t have to implement due to the costs, but their changes often end up getting adopted by other leagues. The new legislation was spurred by a growing concern among schools about providing access to mental health resources, including counseling for athletes, coaches and athletics personnel.

Natalie also talks about the hurdles mental health professional face when attempting toHome connect with athletes to offer these supportive services and what this decision means for the athletes as well as mental health professionals. Natalie Graves is a licensed clinical social worker specializing in mental health and wellness for athletes.

Graves earned a Bachelor’s degree in Sociology from Chicago State University and a Master’s Degree from the University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration.  Visit NatalieGraves.com.

Natalie Graves, AM, LCSW

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Plantar Fasciitis: How Physical Therapy Can Help

Discussion with Sarah Ryerson from Athletico Physical Therapy about Plantar Fasciitis: characteristics that make someone more susceptible to plantar fasciitis; recommended stretches and exercises to prevent plantar fasciitis; some of the latest treatments for plantar fasciitis that Physical Therapists at Athletico are using.

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. This condition impacts the plantar fascia, which is a thick band of fibrous connective tissue on the bottom of the foot that extends from the heel to the toes. Based on its location and makeup, the plantar fascia is ideally positioned to maintain and support the arch on the bottom of the foot. However, it is not designed to be the primary stabilizing structure. Read more in related article: https://smwhome.net/2019/01/28/plantar-fasciitis-how-physical-therapy-can-help/

Sarah possesses 17 years of clinical experience as a physical therapist in the orthopedic setting. Additionally, she is a Certified Athletic Trainer a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist, and is certified in the Graston method of soft tissue mobilization and Virtual Gait Analysis. With a passion for teaching, Sarah worked as a lab assistant at Northern Illinois University and co-taught in the PTA program at College of DuPage for 9 years.

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Understanding Allograft Cartilage Transplants

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Articular cartilage is a firm rubbery tissue that covers the ends of bones. It provides a smooth gliding surface for joints and acts as a cushion between bones.Cartilage can break down due to overuse or injury. This can lead to pain and swelling and problems with your joint.

Your treatment will depend on the size of the defect and the judgment of your surgeon. This procedure is performed on people who have a specific cartilage defect typically due to an injury. It is not done when cartilage loss is much more extensive.

A plug of allograft tissue containing bone and cartilage is shaped to fit into the area that is damaged. The damaged area is prepared and the new plug is inserted into the site.

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JRF Ortho specializes in providing orthopedic surgeons with the highest viability, most widely available cartilage solutions in the industry. Our goal is to provide innovative solutions for allograft joint repair to orthopedic surgeons who specialize in helping patients regain movement and improve their quality of life; thus, JRF Ortho is redefining the standard for allograft joint repair and maximizing the gift of donation.

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