Girl’s 10 Years of Knee Pain Ended after Surgery at Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush

By age 18, Annie Hendricks’ knee was operated on eight different times, and it still wasn’t getting any better.  Hendricks first injured cartilage in her knee at age 8. She then developed a staph infection, leading to seven more operations over the next 10 years to repair the damage.

“Eventually all my cartilage in a couple of spots was gone because of the other surgeries,” Hendricks said. “It was bone-on-bone.” 

Hendricks wasn’t able to walk up stairs or ride a bike without pain by the time she came to see Dr. Brian Cole at Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush. Cole, who was recommended to Hendricks by former Denver Broncos team physician Ted Schlagel, is well-known for his research with Rush University Medical Center on cartilage transplantation. After examining Hendricks, he thought she was an excellent candidate for a donor allograft (using tissue from a cadaver) procedure on her knee.

“He really changed my life and made everything better,” Hendricks said. 

About a year after the surgery, Hendricks, now 19, is able to take stairs and ride a bike without pain. She is now working toward a goal she would not have been able to achieve before coming to Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush. “I am becoming a volunteer firefighter and can do every physical task I need to do for it,” she said. “There are so many things I’m doing now that I never even thought about doing before.”

– Annie Hendricks

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The Advanced 7-Minute Workout

Ever since the magazine published the Scientific 7-Minute Workout in May last year, readers have been writing and tweeting their requests for an updated, more advanced version. For them, the workout became too easy or humdrum, as tends to happen when exercises are repeated without variation. So here it is: a new, more technically demanding regimen, one that requires a couple of dumbbells but still takes only seven minutes.

To come up with the workout, I turned to Mark Verstegen, the founder and president of the Phoenix-based EXOS, a company that focuses on health and athletic performance. He and his colleagues train, among others, N.F.L. players and the German national soccer team, which won the World Cup this year. EXOS also develops in-house fitness and nutritional programs for corporations, so Mr. Verstegen has experience working with those of us who don’t already have bowling-ball biceps and vast reservoirs of endurance and gritty resolve. He and his colleagues, Mr. Verstegen says, know how difficult it can be to find the time and motivation to work out as often as we know we should. Hence a routine that can be completed in just minutes and without much space — no more than a hotel room or an office, for example.

<strong>Go to <a href=""></a> on your phone to try our new Web application. </strong>Taken together, the exercises stress and strengthen muscle groups throughout the upper body, lower body and torso. The full workout (see step-by-step instructions) also provides a compressed but intense interval-style endurance workout. Anyone who completes multiple push-up-to-row-to-burpee movements in 60 seconds (Exercise 3) will raise his or her heart rate substantially. The subsequent 30 seconds of side bridges (Exercise 4) provide a brief aerobic respite before the aerobically demanding Exercise 5 (single-leg Romanian dead lift to curl to press). Go to on your phone to try our new Web application.

There’s a lot of scientific support for the benefits of this sort of high-intensity interval training. In recent months, articles have reported that even a few minutes of interval-style exercise increase endurance, squelch appetite and improve metabolic and cardiovascular health in sedentary adults more effectively than traditional prolonged-endurance exercise. In other words, seven minutes or so of relatively punishing training may produce greater gains than an hour or more of gentler exercise. What’s more, study subjects who did a combination of prolonged exercises (like running or cycling) and high-intensity interval workouts typically reported preferring the intervals.

Interval programs based on cycling, walking and running come with a downside, however: They improve overall fitness and health but do little to improve muscular strength other than in the legs. By contrast, the New Scientific 7-Minute Workout does more than build the large, obvious muscles that most of us can name-check, as Mr. Verstegen puts it — the quads and glutes, for example; its exercises also engage smaller, often overlooked muscles in the back, abdomen, shoulders and hips that, when neglected and weak, contribute to back, neck and knee pain.

The workout should combat a desk job’s “aches, pain and fatigue,” Mr. Verstegen says, as well as teach “clean and efficient movement patterns,” even to those of us who tend to be clumsy. The exercises demand precision and, over time, should instill graceful, athletic coordination. Done correctly, they should make you healthier, stronger, less prone to injury and athletically more capable.

As a whole, the routine is also “extremely scalable,” Mr. Verstegen says. People who are out of shape today may be able to complete only one or two reverse lunges with rotation during the 30 seconds of Exercise 1. But after several weeks of practice, they may be able to perform five or more repetitions, he says, and can continue to intensify the routine’s physical demands by adding as many repetitions as possible in the time allotted.

It should be noted that the 7-Minute Workouts, the original and the advanced versions, are not meant to be your sole exercise. “Any routine, if that’s all you do, will become monotonous and demotivating,” Mr. Verstegen says. So mix up your workouts. Perhaps alternate the old and the new seven-minute regimens over days or weeks. Go for a run at lunch. Join an over-40 rugby league. Buy a bike or a Speedo — use them together in a triathlon.

“The idea is to develop a relationship and routine with your body,” Mr. Verstegen says, “so that it feels strong and healthy and you feel energized and excited to be up and moving.”

The New York Times is now offering a free mobile app for the popular Scientific 7-Minute Workout and the new Advanced 7-Minute Workout. The app offers a step-by-step guide to both 7-minute workouts, offering animated illustrations of the exercises, as well as a timer and audio cues to help you get the most out of your seven minutes. Go to on your phone, tablet or other device to try our new Web app. For more information on installing the app, which can be used on an iOS, Android or other device, visit “For a 7-minute Workout, Download Our New App.”

CTi Wakeskate Team Rider George Daniels shows his skills!

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By Marc Safran, M.D., Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University and Dev Mishra, M.D., President, Sideline Sports Doc, Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University

Key Points:

  • FAI surgery is sometimes necessary to return the athlete to sports participation
  • Results from FAI surgery are generally excellent, with 95% of athletes returning to sport at about 4-6 months after surgery

Last week we wrote about a condition called “femoroacetabular impingement”, commonly referred to as “FAI”. The hip is a ball-and-socket type of joint. FAI is a condition where the femoral head (the ball), acetabulum (the socket), or both do not fit normally in place due to an alteration in the shape of the femoral head or rim of the acetabulum. The result is increased contact (impingement) as the hip is placed through a range of motion. ch1_image_020

Patients with FAI often complain of pain in the groin with sports activity, after prolonged sitting or even with walking. Many athletes often describe pain in the groin with deep flexion or rotation of the hip during activity. Occasionally, a popping or clicking in the front of the hip is described.

We diagnose FAI through a careful evaluation of your description of the pain, an examination of the hip and pelvis, along with an assessment of your sports participation. Imaging studies typically begin with x-rays, which are very useful to look at the shape of the bone and any bone spurs. We will usually also do a special type of MRI scan called an “arthrogram MRI” in which some dye is injected into the hip joint to highlight the soft tissue structures.

The first step in treating the problem is usually done without surgery. Rest from the sport or activity causing the pain combined with anti-inflammatory treatment can get the pain under better control. Physical therapy to correct weakness or imbalance in the hip and core musculature is done. The nonsurgical approach can be successful in some cases.

But in many cases where the bone overgrowth is simply too much, the impingement will continue to cause pain when the young athlete attempts to return to sports. In those cases, arthroscopic surgery can be done.

The emphasis with arthroscopic surgery is to tailor the procedure to the exact type of problem in each hip. For young athletes we have a strong preference for performing the most conservative procedure that results in restoration of as close to normal anatomy as possible. This typically includes removal of the impinging bone spurs to restore the natural shape of the ball and socket, repairing the ring of tissue around the socket (called the labrum), and tightening loose ligaments.

The surgery is done as a come-and-go procedure, meaning that there is no overnight stay in the hospital. The specific recovery will be different for each person depending on the type of repair, but for the typical FAI surgery you can expect to be on crutches and in a hip brace for two weeks after surgery. We recommend that physical therapy start early (as early as week 1) and generally continue through week 12 – 24.

A review of our results from FAI surgery across all age groups showed that 95% of athletes (all levels – including recreational, high school, college, and professional / Olympic) successfully returned to sports with excellent pain relief, function, and performance. The physical therapist or performance specialist will have the athlete go through a series of tests to determine readiness for return to sport, and return can be expected at 4 to 6 months after surgery, depending on the type of sport.



By Dev Mishra, M.D., President, Sideline Sports Doc, Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University And Marc Safran, M.D., Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University

Key Points:

  • Muscle strains are the most common hip and groin injuries in young athletes and will typically improve with simple measures
  • An “avulsion fracture” can occur in the growing athlete, and can also result in excellent healing without surgery
  • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can be a source of hip pain in older adolescents and teenagers. This condition often requires surgery, with typically excellent outcomes.

Hip and groin injuries are fairly common in young athletes, and the type of injury is often influenced by the age of the young athlete. In the very young player, hip and groin injuries tend to be mild tendon or muscle strains. In the 11-17 year old age group a large percentage will also be tendon or muscle strains but a type of fracture through one of the growth plates around the hip and pelvis can also occur. In older players, stress fractures, athletic pubalgia (also known as sports hernia or core muscle injury), FAI, and hamstring tears can happen. 7050567_orig

Muscle strains can happen in any of the muscles crossing the hip joint but we tend to see the highest number of muscle strains in the group of muscles in front of the hip called the “hip flexors”. A hip flexor can be strained when it contracts forcefully, especially when the leg is fully extended or prevented from moving. Kicking and sprinting are the most common movements that cause strained hip flexors.

The athlete will typically feel soreness or pain in the front of the hip along with a sense of weakness. If pain is significant or you are having difficulty putting weight on the leg see a sports medicine physician soon. For most mild strains, there will generally be a good recovery with initial rest and ice, followed by stretching and strengthening, and eventually gradual return to sports. Some athletes find that a compression wrap is helpful in recovery.

A more serious injury sometimes confused with a hip flexor strain is called an “avulsion fracture”. In the young athlete the bones are growing through areas called growth plates. The growth plates are a site of weakness and occasionally a tendon attaching to the growth plate can pull off a piece of bone attached to the tendon. This injury is typically accompanied by a “pop” at the time of injury, can be quite painful, and can be very difficult to put weight on the leg. If you experienced a “pop” and are having a lot of pain and difficulty walking on that leg, then we recommend you see your pediatrician or a sports medicine physician quickly for proper evaluation. These injuries will usually have a full recovery without surgery if they are treated correctly from the start.

We are becoming more aware of a condition called “femoroacetabular impingement”, sometimes simply referred to as “FAI”. FAI typically affects the older adolescent or teenage athlete. FAI is a condition in which abnormal bone growth on the femur (the large bone in the upper leg) and / or the acetabulum (the socket part of the pelvis) repetitively contacts each other.

Sports involving forceful rotation place the athlete at risk of developing pain from FAI. Golf, football, baseball, volleyball, soccer, hockey, lacrosse, field hockey, martial arts, and tennis are the sports most likely to aggravate the FAI.

For reasons not completely understood, some people develop excessive bone growth at the top of the femur and/or around the edge of the hip socket. These people are not born with FAI but it appears to develop early in life with growth. The movement that aggravates FAI is deep bending, or a forceful rotation of the core, including the hips. The longer that repetitive rotational movement occurs over a period of years, the more irritated the area becomes, the more pain can be felt because of bone bumping into bone, leading to damage of other, non-bony, tissues.

FAI requires careful evaluation by a sports medicine specialist with expertise in hip injuries. The pain may decrease with a period of rest and rehabilitation but unfortunately surgery is often needed for return to sports. The good news is that arthroscopic surgery for FAI is becoming much more common, and with very high success rates. In next week’s post we will outline the basics of FAI surgery.



By Dev K. Mishra, M.D., President, Sideline Sports Doc

Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University

Key Points:

  • Lack of binding release is correlated with knee injury in most age groups
  • Bindings must be professionally adjusted at the minimum at the start of the ski season, and more often if you are a high-frequency skier
  • Get yourself in good skiing condition prior to the start of your ski season

In Northern California mountains it is snowing, ski resorts are open for business, and this week we started seeing the first real flow of patients with skiing related injuries in the office. We revisit an important topic today: skiers, check your bindings for proper release to reduce your knee injury risk. warren-miller-fall-2007-film-tour-schedule

Skis, boots, and bindings have changed dramatically over the last 40 years. It was believed that the main injury risk for skiers were fractures of the leg or ankle, and over time the design of skis, boots, and bindings has evolved to significantly reduce the risk of equipment related fractures. But an interesting thing then happened: as the risk of fractures went down the risk of knee ligament injuries went up. ACL tears in particular are estimated to occur in 70,000 skiers per year. There are several factors that lead up to the “why” but I would anecdotally say that in the clinic I do hear some common themes in the injured patient. It was an end of day run with less than ideal conditions, and the patient’s legs were fatigued. And from the equipment standpoint we often hear that the bindings didn’t release.

Like most medical issues, the exact causes for knee injury in skiers is not black and white. For the scientifically inclined amongst you I would recommend you have a look at this excellent review study in the open source Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine. You can view the full text here. There are a few nice take-aways from the article. Younger skiers (less than 20 years old) reported that their binding did release at time of injury in 53.7% of the injuries but across all age groups the bindings released in only about 24.6% of all injuries. This study along with several others does not prove that the lack of binding release caused the knee injury but certainly it suggests a correlation. Furthermore, the lack of binding release seems to be more dangerous in some injury mechanisms like the “phantom foot” (happens when the skier falls backwards).

The experience from our orthopedic sports medicine clinic might be a bit different in other parts of the country but at least from what we are seeing I can suggest some simple tactics to reduce your chance of injuries this ski season.

  • Get yourself into good skiing shape! My bias especially for young athletes is to avoid heavy weights and focus on power, core strength, and coordination. Click here for a simple set of exercises that utilizes body weight activities and can be done indoors or out. These are good for all age groups up to adults.
  • Absolutely make sure your bindings are professionally adjusted, for novice skiers at the start of the ski season and for high-frequency skiers at a minimum a monthly check. You might also consider the Knee Binding, a new type of binding that allows for a binding release prior to the theoretic strain point leading to ACL tears.
  • Finally, know your conditions! Resist the temptation to ski in bad snow, especially slush. You’re just asking for trouble.


Why to Eat More (Healthy) Fat in 2015

As we enter the New Near, resolutions are on many people’s mind, with losing weight and adopting a healthier lifestyle topping the list. In 2015, my resolution revolves around eating more healthy fat. Let me explain….

Fat is a macronutrient, and one that was vilified by many for years, sustaine in part by studies that showed a correlation between heart disease and high-fat diets. This fueled the low-fat craze of the 80s, which had us eating a lot of processed foods that were loaded with sugar (to make them taste batter due to the lack of fat)! Fast-forward 20 years, and we are rediscovering the benefits of certain kinds of fat; namely omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which are polyunsaturated fatty acids that also happen to be essential nutrients for health, and MCTs, which are medium-chain fatty acids that boost metabolism. Here are 3 ways unsaturated fats can improve your health:

Feeling Full & Satisfied

It’s actually a myth that fat in our diet automatically equates to fat on our bodies. Just as fat can cause weight gain, especially when you combine high intakes of fried food and a sedentary lifestyle – consuming fat can also be beneficial for weight loss or maintenance. When you eat fat in the form of healthy omega-3’s, you experience a lasting full feeling, which will make you less apt to overeat. (Notice how that doesn’t happen when your diet is filled with processed carbohydrates!) To achieve satiety, you’ll need to focus on eating healthy high-fat foods such as flaxseeds, nuts, and nut butters. And you don’t need much of it to experience the benefits. A single ounce of almonds, for example, has about 14 grams of fat and 163 calories. That serving size is enough to keep your stomach from growling for several hours.

Energy Reserve & Metabolism Boost

The typical Western diet is largely composed of long chain triglycerides (LCTs), typically consumed in processed vegetable oils such as canola, soy, and safflower. In excess, LCTs act as the building blocks of stubborn body fat.

But there is a specific kind of plant-based fat called medium-chain triglycerides – commonly referred to as MCTs – that is shown in multiple studies1 published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition to not only increase metabolism, but literally keep fat off your body. Unlike LCTs, shorter length MCTs are primarily used for energy production and rarely ever stored as fat.

Derived from palm kernel oil and coconut oil, MCTs provide you with cleaner and more rapidly utilized energy. This is because MCTs are not stored in the body in the same way traditional fats are stored. Instead of landing in problem areas of your belly, hips, and thighs, MCT oil does the opposite. MCTs promote ketone bodies-compounds created by the body when it burns fat stores for energy. When you eat a diet low in carbs and high in healthful fat like MCTs, your body responds to the reduced levels of blood sugar by switching to an alternative power source and converts fatty acids in the liver to ketones. Ketones then become the main energy source. Instead of your body burning carbs, it burns fat! This usually starts to occur 20 minutes into an exercise session.

Vitamin Transport & Whole-Body Benefits

Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble vitamins, which rely on fat for storage and transportation throughout the body. Vitamin A helps with vision, vitamin D helps with bone strength, vitamin E boosts the immune system and vitamin K promotes blood clotting. Fatty acids synthesize hormones and molecules involved with immune function and cell signaling.

Because your brain is actually comprised of 2/3 fat, eating unsaturated fat helps promote cognitive health. The same goes for your nervous system, as the protective covering surrounding nerves is comprised of 70% fat. Fat provides the structural components not only of cell membranes in the brain, but also of myelin, the fatty insulating sheath that surrounds each nerve fiber, enabling it to carry messages faster. Finally, fatty acids are important for hair and skin health.

Here are my favorite healthy fats:

  • Avocado
  • Olive oil
  • Coconut oil
  • MCT oil
  • Flaxseed
  • Nuts and seeds (almonds, walnuts, pine nuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds)
  • Tahini
  • Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Tuna

Try adding a tablespoon of coconut oil or MCT oil to your morning smoothie, or a tablespoon of ground flaxseed along with fresh berries to your Greek yogurt in the morning. Or, try of mixing your tuna with avocado instead of mayo as the creamy binder. Make a salad dressing mixed with tahini and olive oil. Bring a bag of fresh almonds or toasted pumpkin seeds into the office for a snack instead of hitting the vending machine. There are so many easy ways to incorporate healthy fats into your diet!

You will see a lot of these foods in my upcoming 14-day Transformational Whole Foods Winter Cleanse, as winter is a time that favors having more fat in your diet. So if you’re looking for guidance to help your body get in tune with what it needs right now as you head into 2015 with aspirations of becoming your best self, don’t delay. Click here to sign up today. This 14 Day Transformation kicks off next Monday and I’d love to have you along for the ride!

Click here to buy pharmaceutical grade MCT oil from MCT Lean

Names with logo

One more marathon and medal for the family who donated my meniscus transplant

In the fall of 2007, I injured my knee training for my second marathon.  As a runner, I was accustomed to icing, slapping a knee brace on and running through the pain. It would take me more than a year and training through two more marathons to finally visit a doctor. Despite the doctor’s efforts, three surgeries and a year and a half of physical therapy, my knee pain not only remained, it increased.

Displaying 10446490_10154288912800551_5851953838672462943_n.jpgStruggling with my knee issues for more than three years, I felt beaten down both physically and emotionally. Running was my outlet and my sanity, and suddenly that was taken away from me. My goal of returning to running eventually changed to just simply wanting to walk down a flight of stairs, kneel at church, walk my dog, or even to go even one day without excruciating pain radiating from my knee.

In early 2011, I was sent to Chicago to meet with yet a fourth orthopedic surgeon. With one quick look at the stack of MRI’s I walked in with, Dr. Cole was quick to assess that I was a candidate for a meniscus transplant. I was told I would be placed on the donor wait-list for a new meniscus and four months later, I was matched and received the transplant.

I truly believe the success of any medical procedure depends on yourDisplaying photo.JPG support system, and this includes all of the medical professionals involved. I could not have asked for a better facility, doctor and medical team. At times, the recovery process seemed like it would never end but with some patience and constant reassurance from Dr. Cole and his team, I started to slowly see progress. Things that I hadn’t been able to do in years (walk without pain) were suddenly possible.

Shortly after surgery I set a goal of running one final marathon. The reason behind this goal was two-fold: it gave me something to strive for physically but most importantly; it gave me a meaningful way to honor the individual whose meniscus I received during the transplant.   On October 19th, 2014 I completed my fourth and final marathon and sent the finishers medal to the family of the person whose meniscus I have.

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There are truly no words to describe how appreciative I am for the opportunities I’ve been given with my new meniscus. Had I known at the beginning of this journey what I know now, I would have skipped the three years of chronic pain, failed surgeries and frustrating physical therapy and gone straight to Dr. Cole for the transplant.



How to get in shape while having a ball

If you’re looking for a quick way to work your muscles no matter where you may be, get ready to play with large balls — or even half balls. You can get great conditioning even while sitting at your desk — if you’re sitting on a ball.

Consistent use of a Bosu half ball will improve both athletic ability and balance.

Whether you use a ‘fitness’ ball or the Bosu half ball, consistent use will improve both athletic ability and balance. Using the ball as a chair allows you to work your core without even being aware of it. Continuous adjustment of the core muscles is needed to maintain the sitting balance; at the same time, you must keep the glutes and thighs tensed and activated to keep the ball in place. Even one moment of chair-like relaxation will roll you onto the floor, and send the now vacant ball skimming away. Shannon Mulder, of the Exercise and Sports Science Fitness Department at the University of Utah, advises using a ball or a Bosu daily. “One workout gives anyone a response, but it’s the continuation of those workouts that begin to promote the growth of muscular strength,” she says.

The Bosu ball is half an exercise ball fixed to a firm platform. You can work out on either side — balance on the ‘ball’ side with the platform on the floor, or go for more difficulty by balancing on the platform with the ball on the floor. The more inflated the Bosu ball is, the harder the challenge of balancing. Once you’ve got the balance down, practice jumping from left foot to right to build the ability to balance while shifting your weight. Being able to balance while shifting your center of mass is required in nearly every sporting activity. You can also make the Bosu more of a challenge by doing squats on it. Raise it even more by holding dumbbells while doing squats, but start slowly until you learn the balance involved.

On a regular ball, Mulder suggests getting an increased training effect by doing frequent sets of seated leg extensions and torso rotations while sitting. Other exercises that can be done anywhere include pushups and crunches. With face down, place your knees on top of the ball with hands on the floor, bend the arms to lower your upper body, then push it back up. Turn over, put your calves on the ball and do crunches. Work your glutes by putting your head and neck face up on the ball, bringing the feet close enough to allow the hips to sink down. Then lift the hips so your body is straight from the knees up.

One of the hardest ball exercises is the ‘core rollout.’ Lay on the ball face down with hands on the floor. Using your hands in a walking motion, roll yourself out until only your feet and ankles rest on the ball. Keep your body straight; no sagging. You may have to keep trying until your core gets strong enough to let you roll your body all the way out. Balls come in various sizes. The correct size will put the knees level or slightly lower than the pelvis, with the knees bent at a 90 degree angle when the feet are flat on the floor. The thighs should be parallel to the floor.

Although the right ball size is usually selected according to height, body weight must also be taken into consideration. A heavy weight will compress the ball, creating a larger contact surface on the bottom, thus eliminating the necessity for balance. Heavier people should buy the next larger size. Inflate the ball firmly to keep its roundness in place. If a firm ball is too skittish, let only a little air out. You may not notice the increase in your strength and balance at first. But after a few weeks of using the ball or the Bosu, you will certainly notice how much your athletic ability has improved, whatever sport you do.

By Wina Sturgeon – Adventure Sports Weekly

Becker’s Orthopedic Review: surgeons recommended for excellence

Becker’s Orthopedic Review asked its readers to nominate orthopedic surgeons they thought were outstanding in their field: 57 surgeons were recommended by readers for excellence in orthopedics. Congratulations to 3 surgeons from Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush in having made the list.

“Drs. Cole, Nicholson and Romeo chosen by their peers, as among the top orthopedic surgeons in the country”

Brian Cole, MD, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush (Chicago). Dr. Cole is the chairman of surgery at Rush Oak Park (Ill.) Hospital, as well as a professor of orthopedics and anatomy and cell biology at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. Dr. Cole also serves as the section head of Rush University Medical Center’s Cartilage Research and Restoration Center.

Dr Cole Photoshop portrait 2Dr. Cole is a Professor in the Department of Orthopedics with a conjoint appointment in the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois. In 2011, he was appointed as Chairman of Surgery at Rush Oak Park Hospital. He is the Section Head of the Cartilage Research and Restoration Center at Rush University Medical Center, a multidisciplinary program specializing in the treatment of arthritis in young active patients. He also serves as the head of the Orthopedic Master’s Program and trains residents and fellows in sports medicine and research. He lectures nationally and internationally, and through his basic science and clinical research has developed several innovative techniques for the treatment of shoulder, elbow and knee conditions. He has published more than 1,000 articles and has published 5 widely read textbooks in orthopedics. More>>>

Gregory Nicholson, MD, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush (Chicago). Dr. Nicholson is a shoulder, elbow, knee and sports medicine orthopedic surgeon with Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush. He is participating in the design process of an advanced shoulder replacement system. Dr. Nicholson specializes in shoulder and elbow surgery, utilizing state-of-the-art arthroscopic and open surgical techniques to treat sports-related, traumatic, arthritic, and occupational conditions of the shoulder and elbow.

Gregory P. Nicholson, M.D.A graduate from Indiana University School of Medicine, Dr. Nicholson completed his internship and orthopedic residency at University Hospital of Cleveland and completed a fellowship in shoulder and elbow surgery at the New York Orthopaedic Hospital at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York City. Dr. Nicholson is involved in the design of an advanced shoulder replacement system. He is a consultant to differing orthopedic companies and has designed instruments and implants for shoulder and elbow surgery. He is the principal investigator for funded studies on rotator cuff repair augmentation, and shoulder arthroplasty. More>>>

Anthony Romeo, MD, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush (Chicago). Dr. Romeo is the director of the shoulder and elbow section at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. He is co-team physician for the Chicago White Sox and Chicago Bulls.

Dr. Romeo is a distinguished orthopedic surgeon with over 20 years Anthony A. Romeo, M.D.experience working in academic medicine. In addition to his role as professor in the Department of Orthopedics at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, IL, he serves as the program director of the Shoulder and Elbow Fellowship, and section head of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery in the Division of Sports Medicine at Rush.

Among his diverse research interests, Dr. Romeo focuses on clinical evaluations of rotator cuff repair and shoulder stabilization as well as biomechanical and anatomical analysis of the biceps tendon. He routinely performs rotator cuff repairs, including revision repairs, using various arthroscopic techniques. In addition, Dr. Romeo has designed and developed innovative advanced shoulder replacement systems for the treatment of arthritis. He is a renowned scholar who has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles and 30 chapters in orthopedic textbooks. Moreover, he has served in the capacity of senior editor on several orthopedics and sports medicine books. Dr. Romeo has lectured extensively on advanced surgical techniques to surgeons at both national and international forums. More>>>

Click to see the entire list