Avoid swing issues and prevent future injury
Dr. Cole and Steve discuss how golfers can safely return to play after an injury or surgery. Justin Bentley of GolfTec joins the discussion and gives additional tips on a safe return to play. In addition Justin explains how swing issues can cause injuries and how can golfers take steps to prevent injury.
Athletes and exercisers tend to stretch their muscles before they train or compete. But past scientific studies have shown that this can reduce muscle force and power in the period afterwards. In fact, based on current scientific evidence, organizations such as the American College of Sports Medicine and European College of Sports Sciences do not recommend static (motionless) stretching before sports or exercise.
Instead, dynamic stretching techniques – fast movements done through a large range of motion – are thought to be better. Yet, there has been concern that previous studies were not properly designed to specifically test the effects of stretching during warm-up. Investigators, in this study, therefore, asked 20 team-sport athletes to do different static and dynamic stretch routines on different days during a sports warm-up.
They then tested sprint running, jumping, and agility performances. Before the study, these athletes believed that dynamic stretching would help them perform better. But their performances were the same on each day regardless of the type of stretching used. Instead, they said they felt more prepared for exercise on days when some muscle stretching was done than when it wasn’t allowed.
Based on these results, athletes and exercisers may do whichever type of stretching they like during warm-up without worrying about whether it will affect their performance.
For more information, view the abstract
While many probably consider swimming a relatively safe sport, injuries can still put these athletes in hot water. Katie Varnado, ATC from the ATI Sports Medicine department knows about swimming injuries first hand from her work with these athletes. Here’s what Katie has to say…
What injuries are common…
- Swimmer’s Shoulder: The shoulder is the joint most commonly injured, and may include rotator cuff impingement, biceps tendinitis and shoulder instability. All can result from overuse, fatigue and weakness, especially when proper techniques are not used.
- Swimmer’s Knee: This injury occurs during the breaststroke because of the “whip kick,” which places all of the force of the kick on the outside of the knee. The inner ligament of the knee, called the medial collateral ligament, is put under stress.
- Other Lower Body Injuries: Breaststrokers may experience pain from inflammation of the hip tendons. Lower back disk problems or spondylolisis, a stress fracture in the vertebrae of the spine, may be caused by the dolphin kick.
Katie recommends these tips to help prevent injury. In addition to stretching, there are specific things a diver can do to help ward off a repetitive injury:
- Understand and focus on proper stroke techniques
- Lessen repetitive strokes that are causing the overuse injury
- Perform core strengthening and cross-training exercises as part of pre and early season routines
- Be sure to warm-up and cool down after activity and use periods of rest to recover
- Focus efforts on rotator cuff and scapular strengthening for most shoulder injuries, and pelvic and hip strengthening exercises for hip and knee injuries
- Speak with a sports medicine professional or athletic trainer if you have questions about injuries, exercises and prevention